Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts – The ultimate guide

If your current shortcut vocabulary only stretches to Ctrl + C or Ctrl + V. You’re missing out on tons of time saving shortcut keys that can save you vital seconds and turn you into a Windows Ninja…


Keyboard shortcut Action
Windows key Open or close Start Menu.
Windows key + A Open Action center.
Windows key + C Open Cortana in listening mode.
Windows key + D Display and hide the desktop.
Windows key + E Open File Explorer.
Windows key + G Open Game bar when a game is open.
Windows key + H Open the Share charm.
Windows key + I Open Settings.
Windows key + K Open the Connect quick action.
Windows key + L Lock your PC or switch accounts.
Windows key + M Minimize all windows.
Windows key + R Open Run dialog box.
Windows key + S Open Search.
Windows key + U Open Ease of Access Center.
Windows key + X Open Quick Link menu.
Windows key + Number Open the app pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number.
Windows key + Left arrow key Snap app windows left.
Windows key + Right arrow key Snap app windows right.
Windows key + Up arrow key Maximize app windows.
Windows key + Down arrow key Minimize app windows.
Windows key + Comma Temporarily peek at the desktop.
Windows key + Ctrl +D Add a virtual desktop.
Windows key + Ctrl + Left or Right arrow Switch between virtual desktops.
Windows key + Ctrl + F4 Close current virtual desktop.
Windows key + Enter Open Narrator.
Windows key + Home Minimize all but the active desktop window (restores all windows on second stroke).
Windows key + PrtScn Capture a screenshot and save in Screenshots folder.
Windows key + Shift + Up arrow Stretch the desktop window to the top and bottom of the screen.
Windows key + Tab Open Task view.
Windows key + “+” key Zoom in using the magnifier.
Windows key + “-” key Zoom out using the magnifier.
Ctrl + Shift + Esc Open Task Manager.
Alt + Tab Switch between open apps.
Alt + Left arrow key Go back.
Alt + Right arrow key Go foward.
Alt + Page Up Move up one screen.
Alt + Page down Move down one screen.
Ctrl + Alt +Tab View open apps
Ctrl + C Copy selected items to clipboard.
Ctrl + X Cut selected items.
Ctrl + V Paste content from clipboard.
Ctrl + A Select all content.
Ctrl + Z Undo an action.
Ctrl + Y Redo an action.
Ctrl + D Delete the selected item and move it to the Recycle Bin.
Ctrl + Esc Open the Start Menu.
Ctrl + Shift Switch the keyboard layout.
Ctrl + Shift + Esc Open Task Manager.
Ctrl + F4 Close the active window.

Windows 8/8.1 Useful Shortcuts


In an attempt to make using Windows 8 & 8.1 a little easier, especially for those who use shortcuts, we have put together a reference list for you to use.

  • Windows key + D = Desktop (A quick way to get back to the desktop)
  • Windows key + X = Will bring up a useful menu allowing quick access to features and options such as ‘Control Panel’ and ‘Shut down or sign out’. Pressing the underlined letter will take you straight to that feature. E.g. Windows key + X followed by ‘A’ will open a command prompt with administrative rights.

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Veeam v6.5 (database issue)

Today I came across a problem with Veeam v6.5. I had recently upgraded it from either v6.0 or v6.1 and since the upgrade all of the jobs had failed with the error message “cannot complete login due to an incorrect username or password”.


I knew that the username and password hadn’t changed recently but just to be certain I re-entered them into Veeam and removed and re-added the VM to the backup job but both of these efforts proved fruitless. After a quick Google I discovered that this was a common problem when upgrading to v6.5, for some reason the SQL database that Veeam uses get duplicated in the hosts.db table. I found this website and followed the numbered points, and with a bit of trial and error managed to get Veeam working again. Here is what I did…


    1. Backup Veeam database.
    2. Stop Veeam services.
    3. In SQL Management Studio try to delete the duplicates that you think are causing the problem.

Screen shot of the original table…


  1. I originally deleted all rows apart from 3, 5, 8 & 10.
  2. Restarted SQL instance & started Veeam services.
  3. Then re-tried one of the backup jobs, but got this error…image
  4. So I stopped Veeam services, and restored database from the backup made in stage 1.
  5. Re-deleted the rows but this time kept the row with the fe66f766… host ID too…image
  6. Restarted SQL instance & started Veeam services .
  7. Then re-tried one of the backup jobs, but got this error…image
  8. So stopped Veeam services, and restored database from the backup made in stage 1.
  9. Re-deleted the rows but this time kept the row with the 831d14e8… host ID (and 545b0af0… because that looked very similar too).
  10. Restarted SQL instance & started Veeam services.
  11. Then re-tried one of the backup jobs, and it worked!!


Screen shot of hosts.db table afterwards…